Scope: There are almost one billion animals in our country roaming around freely in the streets and everywhere. A number of them are not cared enough and are left either wounded or suffering from various diseases. Though we have shelter houses operating at various places their number is not adequate and the facilities provided are insufficient. In such a situation it becomes imperative that shelter houses are established and made available at least one a district with all the facilities like health care, stall feed etc. The scheme will endeavor to full this gap and provide requisite services to uncared for animals.
Objective of the Scheme: Making provision for establishment and maintenance of shelter houses in all the districts of the country for care and protection of the animals.
Components of the Scheme:
  • Construction of Shelter Houses in each district.
  • Construction of small health care center for each shelter house.
  • Construction of Water trough.
  • Purchase of medical equipments.
  • Purchase of medicines.
Contents of the proposals:
The proposal for grant-in-aid should be submitted giving in all detail the following:
  • The statement of the problem which the project seeks to tackle.
  • The objective of the project.
  • The geographical area that will be covered.
  • The services that will be delivered, both institutional and non-institutional and the charges.
  • The cost estimates (separately item wise), non-recurring items.
Eligibility: Under the scheme, grants can be given to voluntary organizations/institutions, universities, research institutes, schools, statutory bodies like Panchayat Raj Institutions, Municipal Corporations, Town Area Committees, Red Cross Societies and its branches.
  • The organization should have at least have at least three years of experience of working in the related area or should show evidence of competence to take up the proposed scheme.
  • It should not be run for profit to any individual or body of individuals.
  • It should have a properly constituted Managing body with its powers, duties, and responsibilities clearly defined and laid down in a written constitution.
Definition of a Voluntary Organization: For the purpose of this scheme a voluntary organization will mean:
  • A Society registered under the Indian Societies Registration Act, 1860 (Act XXI of 1860); or
  • A Charitable non-profit making company;
  • A Public Trust registered under any law for the time being in force; or
  • Any registered non-official organization engaged in the conduct and promotion of social welfare.
Building: A copy of the site-plans/layout of the proposed building (rough sketch giving a broad indication of the building to be constructed and area to be covered etc.) and estimated cost of construction should be submitted. After the proposal has been approved in principle, the institution/organization will have to submit, blue-prints of plan with detailed structural estimates that the construction the building has been permitted. The estimates need not however be approved by State P.W.D. a certificate by the State Government/Approved value that the rates are not more than the prevailing P.W.D schedule of rates for similar work shall suffice.
  • The Institution must complete the building within a period of two years from the date of the receipt of the first installment of grant-in-aid unless extension is granted by the Central Government.
  • A certificate shall be furnished at the time of the application that a site which is neither already under any lease not notified by any legislation of the respective state govt; has been acquired for the construction of a building by the voluntary organization/institution concerned. No grant shall be sanctioned unless a site has already been acquired. No portion of the grant shall be utilized for purchase of land.
  • After the completion of the building, the organization shall furnish to the Central Government copies of the following documents.
  • A certificate to the effect that the building has been completed in accordance with the approved plans and estimates; and
  • A statement of expenditure incurred on the construction of building, duly audited by the authorized auditors.
Extent of Assistance: Financial assistance will be given up to 90 percent of the approved cost on recurring and non-recurring expenditure the balance of 10 percent to be met by the voluntary organization itself. In the case of an organization but preferable by the voluntary organization itself. In the case an organization working in a relatively new areas where both voluntary ;and Government effort is very limited but the need for the service is very great the Government may be 100 percent of the cost.
  • In the case of building grant, the Government grant will be limited in Rs.25.00 lakhs. In so far as non-recurring grant in aid under the scheme is concerned a ceiling of Rs.25.00 lakhs per annum per project shall be observed. However in exceptional cases the ceiling amount may be relaxed by the Secretary (E&F) after obtaining the concurrence of IFD.
  • In so far as grants-in-aid other than for the purpose of building are concerned the pattern of expenditure under this scheme for both existing as well as new projects shall broadly conform with the pattern of expenditure on similar items approved for similar schemes of the Ministry. However, in exceptional cases deviation may be allowed in consultation with IFD and with the approval of Secretary (E & Government of India).
Application and sanction: An organization desirous to apply for grant-in-aid under this program will send its application in the prescribed proforma to an authority or body designated of the purpose by the Ministry of Forest & Environments.
  • On receipt of an application for grant-in-aid inspection will be undertaken by the prescribed agency. On the basis of the inspection report of the prescribed agency the proposal will duly be processed.
Inspection: The Ministry from time to time will specify the nature, type and periodicity of the inspection and audit and the agency which will be designated to carry out the inspection and the audit.
Release of Grants-in-aid: Grants will be given in two installments. The first installment will cover 50 percent of the sanctioned amount and will be released on receipt of the proposal on prescribed proforma and on finding it correct. The remaining 50 percent will be released as the second installment. An execute a continuity bond valid for 5 years in the prescribed proforma to the effect that in the even of its failure to comply by any or all conditions of the grant it shall be liable to refund the whole or such part of the grant as the Government may decide with interest thereon. The organization shall maintain separate accounts of the grants of the grants received under the scheme. It shall always be open to check by an officer/agency deputed by the Government. It shall also be open to test check by Controller and Audited General of India at his discretion.
Reappropriation: The institution may re-appropriate expenditure from one sanctioned sub-head to another sub-head to a maximum of 25 percent in either cases. Such re-appropriation will be within the overall sanctioned amount. No expenditure shall, however, be incurred by re-appropriation of savings on items not sanctioned by the Ministry. Savings shall not be re-appropriated for incurring expenditure on staff that has not been sanctioned by the Ministry. All permissible appropriation should be reported to the Ministry. Prior approval for such re-appropriation is not necessary.
Changes in Approved Projects: No major changes will be made therein even, if no additional costs are involved unless the prior approval of the Ministry has been obtained.
Termination of Grants: If the Ministry is not satisfied with the progress of the project of it finds that these rules are being seriously violated, it reserves the right to terminate the grant-in-aid.

Rape: Sex or Violence?

symbol_t180Rape is a heinous crime. No theory explains the motivation for rape. The motives of rapists can be anger, power, sadism, sexual gratification in tandem. It is said that rapists are angry at women and motivated by a desire to dominate and control them. Gang rape is often perceived by male perpetrators as a justified method to discourage or punish what they consider as immoral behavior among women. In some areas in Papua New Guinea, women can actually be punished by public gang rape usually through permission by elders. And then people get angry when we talk about Feminism(

Rape survivors may have long term generalized anxiety disorder, may develop phobias, major depressive disorder, may experience difficulties with resuming their social life, and with sexual functioning. They are sometimes blamed and considered responsible for the crime. This leads to multiple suicides because of lack of support from family and friends. They blame the girl for bringing shame to the family. It is not seen that being a women with lower strength as compared to the man, she couldn’t have stopped what was coming. In certain places, the victim is forced to marry the rapist. For people, the sex is what matters. They see it as sex between 2 people, and not as violence. The stress that a girl goes through after such act. The injuries she is left with. In ancient history, rape was viewed less as a type of assault on the female, than a serious property crime against the man to whom she belonged, typically the father or husband. And AGAIN, people get angry when we talk about Feminism( I don’t know when men will think twice before treating women as object.

Many people came up with solutions to the problem. They said women should learn self defense. They said women should keep a cutter or pepper spray with them. Really? Do we need a solution here or to take action and stop the chances of occurring it? Before traffic light was invented, there were multiple accidents. They found a solution and came up with traffic police, followed by traffic light. They did not give a solution of not to use cars. It looks like people are not even interested in taking an action against the rapist.

The story of rape survivors after the the incident worsens. In order to prove that she was raped, a detailed check up is done, which involves diagnosing the inside of ones’ vagina. The police, who are reported about the incident, most of the times refer the victim to a male doctor. The rule says that the doctor should be accompanied by a female doctor, but the checking is done by a male. A girl who has been abused by a man, is again thrown in front of a male stranger. Even during the trials, she is asked personal questions. All this leads to more and more depression. There are so many instances in which after rape,a girl is killed by her relatives, which is called honor killing.

I don’t know what is with the people. During the Nirbhaya rape case, there were strikes, arrests, protests, and so on. But when the girl’s friend, who was with her during the time of the incident, first gave his statement, he said that when they were lying naked on road in Delhi’s chilling winter, none of the cars stopped to help them. Not even a single person came to at least cover them. Hours later help came. Some stupid people also said that it was the girl’s fault that she was roaming around with her male partner in night. I think people live just to eat, earn and empathize.

People should stop the drama of caring and the government should do something about the issue. No one is affected in the incident except for the victim. Either they sympathize or empathize or blame. Only and only government has the power to take some action. Only they can make rules to curb the problem, to simplify the procedure. But the government only works when it needs vote. I fear being a women in a society where a boy is treated like the king of the family and not taught MANNERS.

Yes!We Are Feminist

2000px-woman-power_emblem-svgFor centuries Women have been dominated by the opposite gender. Do you know why? Mostly it is because of Sexual Dimorphism. It is a condition where two sexes of the same species exhibit different characteristics. And it is not just the sexual organs! Women have smaller muscles. Hence less strength. The only job of female was to choose. It still happens with most of the animals. She chooses the stronger of two males. The males fight for her because she is the one who will be responsible for giving birth. That was the only job given to women. Men assumed superiority over women and maintained it through domination.

The vision of equality between the sexes helps only in few areas, right to vote, right to speech, right to education, and so on. But that doesn’t help a women protect herself from physical abuse. A man(not a porn star) can stand half naked, or almost naked, surrounded by women and would love it. Can a woman feel the same? We fear being touched by strangers. Women have been taught that it is wrong if a stranger touches you. In some countries male child is also taught the same. But do we teach this to our son? They never understand the concept of being “abused” or “exploited”.

Research has shown that being a female is the single largest factor for being a victim of abuse in heterosexual relationship. And this is because of male dominance and woman’s lower status in our society. Now the question comes: why don’t they leave. Most researches show that when a women tries to leave or asks for help from their relatives, they are asked to adjust. The lack of accessible affordable housing, inadequate income support, legal aid, and day care prevent a woman from having the resources to live free from abuse. Why don’t they work for adequate income?The average gender pay gap is approximately 54% in India. This data too is for those women who work. Most women are not allowed to work. Much of the reason they don’t work appears to lie in the persistence of India’s traditional gender norms, which seek to ensure “purity” of women by protecting them from men other than their husbands and restrict mobility outside their homes. This has been the culture and women grow watching this and they think that this is OK.

A male child is always allowed everything. His sister MUST follow all the rules and regulations to represent the family. I am the only child brought up in a Bengali family. Most families in other parts of the country don’t like Bengali women. The reason is that they are out spoken. They have the freedom to talk boldly, to eat boldly. Growing in Delhi, I observed, most of my female friends did not eat non veg as they belonged to a non vegetarian family, but their brothers were just scolded if they had non veg. The males can drink openly. If a women does that, she is a whore, a slut, or not a marriage material. That was the concept. Now a days I see a change, but still people define purity in women who are away from all the bad habits.

A man prefers a women who hasn’t lost her virginity. She is considered pure. The fear is so much that women actually keep saving themselves for their husband. If they like a guy, or want to make out, they can’t have sex. They will do everything but sex. A girl getting pregnant before marriage is a crime in Indian society. Is making love crime? Why? This is the society that has made the women weak. There are a very few cases in India where a single mother has given birth to her child without getting married. Neena Gupta was way ahead of her times when she took the bold decision to go ahead with her pregnancy with one of the world’s finest cricketers, Vivian Richards. But our Indian society and tradition made it possible for no man to accept her when she was young.

“Why do you think your wife should listen to you?” “Because a woman must listen to her husband”. “But why should a woman listen to her husband”?“Because the man is the master of the house.” Men don’t honor their wife. This has been the scene throughout. Our grandmothers saw the same and taught their children the same. Women have always been treated as an object. They have become accustomed to being treated like that. They don’t even feel that it is wrong.

We are called Feminist because we are strong enough to challenge the society, the culture and the traditions. Most men and women can’t accept that GOD did not write the traditions and cultures. A human did. And we follow shastras and vedas that  too are written by males. We don’t need equality, but equity. I proudly call myself a FEMINIST.